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135. Smukall, M.J., Seitz, A.C., Dhellemmes, F., van Zinnicq Bergmann M.P.M., Heim, V., Gruber. S.H., Guttridge, T.L. (2022) Residency, Site Fidelity, and Regional Movement of Tiger Sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier) at a Pupping Location in the Bahamas. Sustainability, 14.

134. McClain, M. A., Hammerschlag, N., Gallagher, A. J., Drymon, M., Grubbs, R. D., Guttridge, T. L., Smukall, M. J., Frazier, B., Daly-Engel, T. (2022). Age-Dependent Dispersal and Relatedness in Tiger Sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier). Frontiers in Marine Science. 9:900107.

133. Smukall, M. J., Carlson, J., Kessel, S., Guttridge, T., Dhellemmes, F., Seitz, A., Gruber, S. (2022). Thirty five years of tiger shark Galeocerdo cuvier relative abundance in Bimini, The Bahamas and the Southeastern United States with a comparison across jurisdictional bounds. Journal of Fish Biology. 6

132. Van Zinnicq Bergmann, M. P. M., Guttridge, T. L., Smukall, M. J., Adams, V. M., Bond, M. E., Burke, P. J., Fuentes, M. M. P. B., Heinrich, D. D. U., Huveneers, C., Gruber, S. H., Papastamatiou, Y. P. (2022). Using movement models and systematic conservation planning to inform marine protected area design for a multi-species predator community. Biological Conservation.

131. Griffin, L., Casselberry, G., Lowerre-Barbieri, S.,…. Smukall, M. J., ….. (2022). Predator-prey landscapes of large sharks and game fishes in the Florida Keys. Ecological Applications.

130. Talwar, B. S., Bradley, D., …. Smukall, M. J., ….. (2022). Estimated life-history traits and movements of Caribbean reef sharks Carcharhinus perezi in The Bahamas based on tag-recapture data. Marine Biology. 169(5).

129. Guttridge, T. L., Muller, L., Keller, B. A., Bond, M. E., Grubbs, R. D., Winram, W., Howey, L. A., Frazier, B. S., Gruber, S. H. (2022). Vertical space use and thermal range of the great hammerhead (Sphyrna mokarran) in the western North Atlantic. Journal of Fish Biology. DOI: 10.1111/jfb.15185.

128. Postaire, B. D., Feldheim, K. A., Clementi, G. M., Quinlan, J., van Zinnicq Bergmann, M. P. M., Brooks, E. J., Grubbs, R. D., Guttridge, T. L., Henderson, A. C., Tavares, R., Chapman, D. D. (2022). Small localized breeding populations in a widely distributed coastal shark species. Conservation Genetics. 23: 51-61.

127. Beal, A. P., Hackerott, S., Feldheim, K., Gruber, S. H., Eirin-Lopez, J. M. (2022). Age group DNA methylation differences in lemon sharks (Negaprion brevirostris): Implications for future age estimation tools. Ecology and Evolution. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.9226.



126. Dhellemmes, F., Smukall, M., Guttridge, T., Krause, J., Hussey, N. (2021). Predator abundance drives the association between exploratory personality and foraging habitat risk in wild marine meso-predator. Functional Ecology.

125. Lowerre-Barbieri, S., Friess, C., …… Smukall, M., ……(2021). Movescapes and eco-evolutionary movement strategies in marine fish: assessing a connectivity hotspot. Fish and Fisheries.

124. Heim, V., Dhellemmes, F., Smukall, M., Gruber, S., Guttridge, T. (2021). Effects of food provisioning on the daily ration and dive site use of great hammerhead sharks, Sphyrna mokarran. (2021). Frontiers in Marine Science.

123. Melillo-Sweeting, K., Maust-Mohl, M., Smukall, M. J. (2021). Examining shark bite scars on dolphins off Bimini, The Bahamas: Comparisons between bottlenose and Atlantic spotted dolphins. Marine Mammal Science.

122. Smukall, M. J., Guttridge, T., Dhellemmes, F., Seitz, A.C., Gruber, S. H. (2021). Effects of leader type and gear strength on catches of coastal sharks in a longline survey around Bimini, The Bahamas. Fisheries Research.

121. Byrnes, E., Lear, K., Brewster, L., Whitney, N., Smukall, M. J., Armstrong, N. J., Gleiss, A. C. (2021). Accounting for body mass effects in the estimation of field metabolic rates from body acceleration. Journal of Experimental Biology. 7

120. Friess, C., ….. Smukall, M. J., …. Griffin, L. P. (2021). Regional-scale variability in the movement ecology of marine fishes revealed by an integrative acoustic tracking network. Marine Ecological Progress Series.

119. Beal, A., Hackerott, S., Franks, B., Gruber, S. H., Feldheim, K. A., Eirin-Lopez, J. M. (2021). Epigenetic responses in juvenile Lemon sharks (Negaprion brevirostris) during a coastal dredging episode in Bimini, Bahamas. Ecological Indicators. 127(1):107793.


118. Heinrich, D., Dhellemmes, F., Guttridge, T., Smukall, M. J., Brown, C., Rummer, J., Gruber, S. H., Huveneers, C. Impacts of site specific provisioning on residency, distribution, and energy expenditure of juvenile lemon sharks. Animal Behavior.

117. Dhellemmes, F., Finger, J. S., Smukall, M. J., Gruber, S. H., Guttridge, T. L., Laskowski, K., Krause, J. (2020). Personality driven life-history trade-offs differ in two sub-populations of free ranging predators. Journal of Animal Ecology.

116. Dhellemmes, F., Finger, J. S., Laskowski, K., Guttridge, T. L., Krause, J. (2020). Comparing behavioral syndromes cross time and ecological conditions in a free ranging predator. Animal Behavior.

115. Schwanck, T., Schweinsberg, M., Lampert, K., Guttridge, T., Tollarian, R., O’Shea, O. (2020). Linking local movement and molecular analysis to explore philopatry and population connectivity of the Southern stingray Hypanus americanus. Journal of Fish Biology.

114. MacNeil, A., Chapman, D., Heupel, M., et al. (2020). Global status and conservation potential of reef sharks. Nature Research.

113. Grimmel, H., Bullock, R., Dedman, S., Guttridge, T., Bond, M. (2020). Assessment of faunal communities and habitat use within a shallow water system using non-invasive BRUVs methodology. Aquaculture and Fisheries.



112. MyIniczenko, N., Sumigama, S., Wyffels, J., Wheaton, C., Guttridge, T., DiRocco, S., Penfold, L. (2019). Ultrasonographic and hormonal characterization of reproductive health and disease in wild, semiwild, and aquarium-housed southern-stingrays (Hypanus americanus). Amer. Jour. Vet. Sci. 80:10. 931-942.



111. Smukall M, Kessel ST, Franks B, Feldheim K, Guttridge TL, Gruber SH. 2018. No apparent negative tagging effects after 13-years at liberty for shark implanted with acoustic transmitter. Journal of Fish Biology

110. Brooks JL, Chapman JM, Barkley AN, Kessel ST, Hussey NE, Hinsch SG, Patterson DA, Hedges KJ, Cooke SJ, Fisk AT, Gruber SH, Nguyen VM. 2018. Biotelemetry informing management: case studies exploring successful integration of biotelemetry data into fisheries and habitat management. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences DOI: 10.1139/cjfas-2017-0530


109. Fuentes, M., Gillis, A., Ceriani, S., Guttridge, T., Bergman, M., Smukall, M., Gruber, S, Wildermann, 8

N. (2018). Informing marine protected areas in Bimini, Bahamas by considering hotspots for green turtles (Chelonia mydas). Biodiversity and Conservation.


108. Hansell AC, Kessel ST, Brewster LR, Gruber SH, Cadrin SX, Skomal G, Guttridge TL. 2018. Local indicators of abundance trends and demographics for the coastal shark assemblage of Bimini, The Bahamas. Fisheries Research DOI:10.1016/J.FishRes.2017.09.016


107. Brewster L, Dale J, Guttridge TL, Gruber SH, Hansell A, Elliott M, Cowx I, Whitney N, Gleiss A. 2018. Development and Application of a Machine Learning Algorithm for Classification of Elasmobranch Behaviour from Accelerometry Data. Marine Biology. In press


106. Finger JS, Guttridge TL, Wilson A, Gruber SH, Krause J. 2018. Are some sharks more social than others? Short- and long-term consistencies in the social behavior of juvenile lemon sharks. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology. 72:17.



105. Kessel ST, Fraser J, Van Bonn B, Brooks JL, Guttridge TL, Hussey NE, Gruber SH. 2017. Transcoelomic expulsion of an ingested foreign object by a carcharhinid shark. Marine and Freshwater Research DOI: 10.1071/MF17022


104. Stump K, Crooks CJ, Fitchett MD, Gruber SH, Guttridge TL. 2017. Hunted hunters: an experimental test of the effects of predation risk on juvenile lemon shark habitat use. Marine Ecology Progress Series DOI: 10.3354/meps12187


103. Hussey N, DiBattista JD, Moore JW, Ward EJ, Fisk AT, Kessel ST, Guttridge TL, Feldheim KA, Franks BR, Gruber SH, Weideli OC, Chapman DD. 2017. Risky business for a juvenile marine predator? An indirect test of the influence of foraging strategies and natural selection on size and growth rate in the wild. Proceedings of Royal Society 284: 20170166 DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2017.0166

102. Guttridge TL, Van Zinnicq-Bergmann M, Bolte C, Howey-Jordan L, Kessel ST, Brooks J, Bond ME, Winram W, Jordan LK, Cashman R, Tolentino E, Grubbs RD, Gruber SH. 2017. Philopatry and regional connectivity in the great hammerhead shark, Sphyrna mokarran in the U.S. and Bahamas. Frontiers in Marine Science DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2017.00003

101. Keller B, Finger JS, Abel D, Gruber SH, Guttridge TL. 2017. The effects of familiarity on the social interactions of juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology 489: 24–31.


100. Finger JS, Dhellemmes F, Guttridge TL. 2017. Personality in elasmobranch fishes with a special focus on sharks: early evidence, challenges and future directions. Springer Volume. Personality in Non-Humans. Springer Nature DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-59300-5_7


99. Finger JS, Dhellemmes F, Guttridge TL, Kurvers RMV, Gruber SH, Krause J. 2016. Rate of movement of juvenile lemon sharks in a novel open field; are we measuring activity or reaction to novelty? Animal Behaviour 116: 75–82.


98. Brooks JL, Guttridge TL, Franks BR, Grubbs RD, Chapman DD, Gruber SH, Dibattista JD, Feldheim KA. 2016. Using genetic inference to re-evaluate the minimum longevity of the lemon 9

shark, Negaprion brevirostris. Journal of Fish Biology 88(5): 2067–2074.


97. Kessel ST, Hansell A, Gruber SH, Guttridge TL., Hussey N, Perkins R. 2016. Lemon shark (Negaprion brevirostris) catch per unit effort (CPUE) trends, Bimini, Bahamas, derived from a fishery independent, 32-year shallow water longline survey. Journal of Fish Biology 88: 2144– 2156.



96. Ashe J, Feldheim KA, Fields A, Reyier EA, Brooks EJ, O’ Connell MT, Skomal G, Gruber SH, Chapman DD. 2015. Local population structure and context-dependent isolation by distance in a large coastal shark. Marine Ecology Progress Series 520: 203–216.


95. Gallagher A, Vianna G, Papastamatiou Y, MacDonald CM, Guttridge TL, Hammerschlag N. 2015. Shark diving tourism: biological impacts, conservation benefit, and future research. Wildlife Research 184: 365–379.


94. Guttridge TL, Gulak S, Franks BR, Carlson J, Gruber SH, Gledhill KS, Bond ME, Johnson G, Grubbs RD. 2015. Occurrences and habitat use of the Critically Endangered smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) in the Bahamas. Journal of Fish Biology 87: 1322–1341.


93. Bullock R, Guttridge TL, Cowx IG, Elliott J, Gruber SH. 2015. Evaluating and controlling for effects of external tag attachment in sharks: Behavioural responses and recovery. Journal of Fish Biology 87: 1342–1354.


92. Gledhill KS, Kessel ST, Feldheim KA, Gruber SH, Guttridge TL, Hansell A, Chapman DD. 2015. Genetic structure and population dynamics of blacktip sharks (Carcharhinus limbatus) (Müller & Henle, 1839) from Bimini, Bahamas. Journal of Fish Biology 87: 1371–1388.



91. O’Connell CP, Guttridge TL, Gruber SH, Brooks J, Finger JS, He P. 2014. Behavioral modification of visually deprived lemon sharks (Negaprion brevirostris) towards magnetic fields. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 453: 131–137.


90. Reyier EA, Franks BR, Chapman DD, Scheidt DM, Stolen ED, Gruber SH. 2014. Regional-Scale Migrations and Habitat Use of Juvenile Lemon Sharks (Negaprion brevirostris) in the US South Atlantic. PLoS ONE 9(2):e88470


89. Feldheim KA, Gruber SH, DiBattista JD, Babcock EA, Kessel ST, Hendry AP, ... Chapman DD. 2014. Two decades of genetic profiling yields first evidence of natal philopatry and longterm fidelity to parturition sites in sharks. Molecular ecology 23(1): 110–117.

88. White RW, Nagy JD, Gruber SH. 2014. Modeling the population dynamics of lemons sharks. Biology Direct 9:23


87. Kessel ST, Chapman DD, Franks BR, Gedamke T, Gruber SH, Newman JM, White ER, Perkins RG. 2014. Predictable temperature-regulated residency, movement and migration in a large, highly mobile marine predator (Negaprion brevirostris). Marine Ecology Progress Series 514: 175–190.10



86. Melillo-Sweeting K, Turnbull SD, Guttridge TL. 2013. Evidence of shark attacks on Atlantic spotted dolphins (Stenella frontalis) off Bimini, The Bahamas. Marine Mammal Science DOI: 10.1111/mms.12082


85. Worm B, Davis B, Kettemer L, Ward-Paige CA, Chapman DD, Heithaus MR, ... Gruber SH. 2013. Global catches, exploitation rates, and rebuilding options for sharks. Marine Policy 40: 194–204.


84. Chapman DD, Frisk MJ, Abercrombie DL, Safina C, Gruber SH, Babcock EA, ... Worm, B. 2013. Give Shark Sanctuaries a Chance. Science 339(6121): 757–757.


83. Guttridge TL, van Dijk S, Stamhuis EJ, Krause J, Gruber SH, Brown C. 2013. Social learning in juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris. Animal Cognition 16: 55–64.


82. Kessel ST, Gruber SH, Gledhill KS, Bond ME, Perkins RG. 2013. Aerial Survey as a Tool to Estimate Abundance and Describe Distribution of a Carcharhinid Species, the Lemon Shark, Negaprion brevirostris. Journal of Marine Biology DOI: 10.1155/2013/597383


81. Young JM, Frasca S Jr, Gruber SH, Benz GW. 2013. Monogenoid infection of neonatal and older juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris (Carcharhinidae), in a shark nursery. Journal of Parasitology 99(6): 1151–1154.



80.  DiGiorlamo AL, Gruber SH, Pomory C, Bennett WA. 2012. Temperature patterns of juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris, in a shallow nursery. Journal of Fish Biology 80: 1436–1448.


79. Guttridge TL, Gruber SH, Franks B, Kessel ST, Uphill J, Gledhill KS, Krause J, Sims DW. 2012. Deep danger: Intra-specific predation risk influences habitat use and aggregation formation of

juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris. Marine Ecology Progress Series 445: 279–291.


78. Jennings DE, DiBattista JD, Stump K, Hussey NE, Franks BR, Grubbs RD, Gruber SH. 2012. Assessment of the aquatic biodiversity of a threatened coastal lagoon at Bimini, Bahamas. Journal of Coastal Conservation 16(3): 405–428.


77. Newman SP, Handy RD, Gruber SH. 2012. Ontogenetic diet shifts and prey selection in nursery bound lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris, indicate a flexible foraging tactic. Environmental Biology of Fishes 95(1): 115–126.


76. DiBattista JD, Feldheim KA, Garant D, Gruber SH, Hendry AP. 2011. Anthropogenic disturbance and evolutionary parameters: a lemon shark population experiencing habitat loss. Evolutionary Applications 4: 1–17.


75. Guttridge TL, Gruber SH, DiBattista JD, Feldheim KA, Croft DP, Krause S & Krause J. 2011. Assortative interactions and leadership in a free-ranging population of juvenile lemon shark

(Negaprion brevirostris). Marine Ecology Progress Series 423: 235–245.


74. Pettitt-Wade H, Newman SH, Parsons KT, Gruber SH, Handy RD. 2011. Dietary metal and macro-nutrient intakes of juvenile lemon sharks determined from the nutritional composition of prey 11

items. Marine Ecology Progress Series 433: 245–260.



73. Guttridge TL, Gruber SH, Krause J & Sims DW. 2010. Novel acoustic technology for studying free-ranging shark social behavior by recording individuals’ interactions. PLoS ONE 5(2): e9324. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009324


72. Newman SP, Handy RD, Gruber SH. 2010. Diet and prey preference of juvenile lemon sharks. Marine Ecology Progress Series 398: 221–234.

71. O’Connell PO, Abel DC, Gruber SH, Stroud EM, Rice PH. 2010. Response of juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris, to a magnetic barrier simulating a beach net. Ocean and Coastal Management 54(3): 225–230.


70. Spaet JLY, Kessel ST, Gruber SH. 2010. Learned hook avoidance of lemon sharks (Negaprion brevirostris) based on electroreception and shock treatment. Marine Biology Research 6: 399 –407.



64. Chapman D, Gruber SH, DiBattista JD, Franks B, Kessel ST, Guttridge TL, Babcock EK, Pikitch EK, Feldheim KA. 2009. Long-term natal site-fidelity by immature lemon sharks (Negaprion brevirostris) at a subtropical island. Molecular Ecology 18: 3500–3507.


63. DiBattista JD, Feldheim KA, Garant D, Gruber SH, Hendry AP. 2009. Evolutionary potential of a large marine vertebrate: quantitative genetic parameters in a wild population. Evolution 63: 1051–1067.


62. Gleiss AC, Gruber SH, Perkins RP. 2009. Multi-Channel Data-Logging: Towards Determination of Behavior and Metabolic Rate in Free-Swimming Sharks. In: J.L. Nielsen et al. (Eds.), Tagging and Tracking of Marine Animals with Electronic Devices, Reviews: Methods and Technologies in Fish Biology and Fisheries 9 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-9640-2 13.

61. Guttridge TL, Gruber SH, Gledhill KS, Croft DP, Sims DW, Krause J. 2009. Social preferences in juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris. Animal Behavior 78: 543–548.


60. Guttridge TL, Myrberg AA, Porcher I, Sims DW, Krause J. 2009. Role of learning in shark behavior. Fish and Fisheries 10: 450–469.


59. Krause S, Mattner L, James R, Guttridge TL, Corcoran MJ, Gruber SH, Krause J. 2009. Social network analysis and valid markov chain monte carlo tests of null models. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63: 1089–1096.


58. Reeve A, Handy RD, Gruber SH. 2009. Prey selection and functional response of juvenile lemon sharks Negaprion brevirostris. Journal of Fish Biology 75: 276–281.



57. DiBattista JD, Feldheim KA, Thibert-Plante X, Gruber SH, Hendry AP. 2008. A genetic assessment of polyandry and breeding site fidelity in lemon sharks. Molecular Ecology 17: 3337–3351.12


56. DiBattista JD, Feldheim KA, Gruber AH, Hendry AP. 2008. Are indirect genetic benefits associated with polyandry? A test in a natural population of lemon sharks. Molecular Ecology 17: 783–795.

55. Jennings DE, Gruber SH, Franks BR, Kessel ST, Robertson AL. 2008. Effects of large-scale anthropogenic development on juvenile lemon shark (Negaprion brevirostris) populations of Bimini, Bahamas. Environmental Biology of Fishes 83: 369377.

54. Schultz JK, Feldheim KA, Gruber SH, Ashley MV, McGovern TM, Bowen BW. 2008. Global phylogeography and seascape genetics of the lemon shark (genus Negaprion). Molecular Ecology 17(24): 5336–5348.



53. Afonso AS, Gruber SH. 2007. Pueruli settlement in the Caribbean spiny lobster, Panulirus argus, at Bimini, Bahamas. Crustaceana 80(11): 1355–1371.

52. DiBattista JD, Feldheim KA, Gruber SH, Hendry AP. 2007. When bigger is not better: selection against large size, high condition, and fast growth in juvenile lemon sharks. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20: 201–212.

51. Gedamke T, Hoenig JM, Musick JA, Dupaul WD, Gruber SH. 2007. Using Demographic Models to Determine Intrinsic Rate of Increase and Sustainable Fishing for Elasmobranchs: Pitfalls, Advances and Applications. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 27: 605–618.

50. Newman SP, Handy RD, Gruber SH. 2007. Spatial and temporal variations in mangrove and seagrass faunal communities at Bimini, Bahamas. Bulletin Marine Science 80: 529–553.

49. Wetherbee BM, Gruber SH, Rosa RS. 2007. Movement patterns of juvenile lemon sharks Negaprion brevirostris within Atol das Rocas, Brazil: a nursery characterized by tidal extremes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 343: 283–293.



48. Freitas RHA, Rosa RS, Gruber SH, Wetherbee BM. 2006. Early growth and juvenile population structure of lemon sharks Negaprion brevirostris in the Atol das Rocas Biological Reserve, off north-east Brazil. Journal of Fish Biology 68: 1319–1332.



47. Barker MJ, Gruber SH, Newman SP, Schluessel V. 2005. Spatial and ontogenetic variation in growth of nursery bound juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris: a comparison of two age-assigning techniques. Environmental Biology of Fishes 72: 343–355.

46. Edren SMC, Gruber SH. 2005. Homing ability of young lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris. Environmental Biology of Fishes 72(3): 267–281.



45. Feldheim KA, Gruber SH, Ashley MV, Orti G. 2004. Reconstruction of parental microsatellite genotypes reveals female polyandry and philopatry in the lemon shark, Negaprion brevirostris. Evolution 58: 2332–2342.13


44. Newman SP, Gruber SH, Handy RD. 2004. The scarecrow toadfish: habitat, abundance and size at maturity at Bimini, Bahamas. Journal of Fish Biology 64(1): 248–252.



43. Chapman DD, Gruber SH. 2002. A further observation of batoid prey handling by the Great hammerhead shark, Sphyrna mokarran, upon a Spotted eagle ray, Aetobatus narinari. Bulletin of Marine Science 70: 947–952.


42. Feldheim KA, Edren SMC. 2002. Impacts of Dredging on Marine Communities - The Bimini Lemon Shark. Bahamas Journal of Science 9: 28–35.


41. Feldheim KA, Gruber SH, Ashley MV. 2002a. The breeding biology of lemon sharks at a tropical nursery lagoon. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 269: 1655–1661.


40. Feldheim KA, Gruber SH, De Marignac JRC, Ashley MV. 2002b. Genetic tagging to determine passive integrated transponder tag loss in lemon sharks. Journal of Fish Biology 61: 1309–1313.


39. Gruber SH, Parks W. 2002. Mega-Resort Development on Bimini: Sound Economics or Environmental Disaster? Bahamas Journal of Science 9(2): 2–18.


38. Gruber SH, Grant AT, Newman SP. 2002. Effects of Large Scale Seafloor Excavation in Bimini. Bahamas Journal of Science 9(2): 36–40.


37. Newman SP, Gruber SH. 2002. Mangrove and seagrass fish and macroinvertebrate communities in Bimini, Bahamas. Bahamas Journal of Science 9(2): 19–27.

36. Sundstrom LF, Gruber SH. 2002. Effects of capture and transmitter attachment on the swimming speed of large juvenile lemon sharks (Negaprion brevirostris, Poey) in the field. Journal of Fish Biology 61: 834–838.



35. Feldheim KA, Gruber SH, Ashley MV. 2001. Population genetic structure of the lemon shark (Negaprion brevirostris) in the western Atlantic: DNA microsatellite variation. Molecular Ecology 10: 295–303.

34. Feldheim KA, Gruber SH, Ashley MV, McEachran JD. 2001. Multiple Paternity of a Lemon Shark Litter (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhinidae). Copeia 781–786.

33. Gruber SH, De Marignac JRC, Hoenig JM. 2001. Survival of juvenile lemon sharks (Negaprion brevirostris) at Bimini, Bahamas, estimated by mark-depletion experiments. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 130: 376–384.

32. Sundström LF, Gruber SH, Clermont SM, Correia JPS, De Marignac JRC, Morrissey JF, Lowrance CR, Thomassen L, Oliveira MT. 2001. Review of Elasmobranch Behavioral Studies Using Ultrasonic Telemetry with Special Reference to the Lemon Shark, Negaprion brevirostris, Around Bimini Islands, Bahamas. Environmental Biology of Fishes 60: 225–250.



31. Corcoran MJ, Gruber SH. 1999. The use of photoidentification to study social organization of the 14 spotted eagle ray, Aetobatus narinari (Euphrasen 1790), at Bimini, Bahamas: a preliminary report. Bahamas Journal of Science.

30. Silliman WR, Gruber SH. 1999. Behavioral ecology of the spotted eagle ray, Aetobatus narinari (Euphrasen, 1790), in Bimini, Bahamas: an interim report. Bahamas Journal of Science 7(1): 13–20.



29. Sundstrom LF, Gruber SH. 1998. Using speed sensing transmitters to model the bioenergetics of subadult lemon sharks (Negaprion brevirostris (Poey)) in the field. Hydrobiology 217/272: 241–247.

28. Sundstrom LF, Sterk J, Gruber SH. 1998. Effects of a speed-sensing transmitter on the swimming speed of lemon sharks. Bahamas Journal of Science 6(1): 12–22.



27. Correia JP, de Marignac JRC, Gruber SH. 1995. Young lemon shark behavior in Bimini Lagoon. Bahamas Journal of Science 3(1): 2–8.



26. Cortes E, Gruber SH. 1994. Effect of ration size and gross conversion efficiency of young lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris (Poey). Journal of Fish Biology 44: 331–341.



25. Manire CA, Gruber SH. 1993. A preliminary report on the rate of natural mortality of juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 115: 65–71.

24. Morrissey JF, Gruber SH. 1993. Home range of juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris. Copeia 2: 425–434.

23. Morrissey JF, Gruber SH. 1993. Habitat selection by juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris. Environmental Biology of Fishes 38(4): 311–319.

22. Rasmussen LE, Gruber SH. 1993. Serum concentrations of reproductively-related circulating steroid hormones in the free-ranging lemon shark, Negaprion brevirostris. Environmental Biology of Fishes 38: 167–164.

21. Wetherbee BM, Gruber SH. 1993. Absorption efficiency of the juvenile lemon shark, Negaprion brevirostris at varying levels of energy intake. Copeia (2): 417–425.



20. Manire CA, Gruber SH. 1992. Anatomy of a shark attack. Journal of Wilderness Medicine 3: 4–8.



19. Cortes E, Gruber SH. 1991. Gastric evacuation in the young lemon shark, Negaprion brevirostris, under field conditions. Environmental Biology of Fishes 35: 205–212.

18. Manire CA, Gruber SH. 1991. Effect of M. type dart tags on field growth of juvenile lemon shark. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 120: 776–780.15

17. Scharrold JV, Gruber SH. 1991. Telemetered heartrate as a measure of metabolic rate in the lemon shark, Negaprion brevirostris. Copeia (4): 942–953.



16. Cortes E, Gruber SH. 1990. Diet, feeding habits and estimates of daily ration of young lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris (Poey). Copeia (1): 522–560.

15. Snelson FF, Gruber SH, Murru FL, Schmid TN. 1990. Southern stingray, Dasyatis americana: Host for a symbiotic cleaner wrasse. Copeia (4): 961–965.

14. Hoenig JM, Gruber SH. 1990. Life history patterns in the elasmobranchs: Implications for fisheries management. NOAA Tech. Rpt. NMFS 90: 1–16.


13. Manire CA, Gruber SH. 1990. Many sharks may be headed toward extinction. Conservation Biology 4(1): 10–11.

12. Rasmussen LE, Gruber SH. 1990. Serum levels of circulating steroid hormones in free ranging carcharhinid sharks. NOAA Tech. Rpt. NMFS 90: 76–84.

11. Strong W, Snelson F, Gruber SH. 1990. Hammerhead predation on stingrays: An observation of handling by Sphyrna mokarran. Copeia (3): 836–840.

10. Watsky M, Gruber SH. 1990. Induction and duration of tonic immobility in the lemon shark, Negaprion brevirostris. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 8(3): 207–210.

9. Wetherbee B, Gruber SH. 1990. The effect of ration level on food retention time in juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris. Environmental Biology of Fishes 29: 59–65.

8. Wetherbee B, Gruber SH, Cortes E. 1990. Diet, feeding habits, consumption and digestion of sharks with special reference to the lemon shark. NOAA Tech. Rpt. NMFS 90: 29–48.



7. Bushnell P, Lutz P, Gruber SH. 1989. Metabolic rate of an active tropical elasmobranch, the lemon shark Negaprion brevirostris. Experimental Biology 48(5): 279–284.

6. Schurdak M, Gruber SH. 1989. Gastric Evacuation of the lemon shark, Negaprion brevirostris (Poey) under controlled conditions. Experimental Biology 48: 77–82.




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